List Copy in Python

From this tutorial, you will be learning about Python list copy method. You will see how to use it with lists with the help of examples.

Note: The syntax used here is for Python 3. You may modify it to use with other versions of Python.

Python List Copy

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List Copy Method

The Copy method performs the shallow copy of a list. The syntax used is:

List_name.copy()

It doesn’t accept any argument and also doesn’t return a value. It produces a shallow copy and exits after it.

Please don’t get confused the List Copy method with the Copy module. The latter provides developers with the ability to create both Shallow copy and deep copy.

The List copy only provides the ability to create a shallow copy. Next, you will see the difference between Shallow copy and Deep copy.

Difference: Shallow Copy Vs. Deep Copy

A shallow copy is one in which a new object gets created which stores the reference of another object.

While the deep copy produces a new object that stores all references of another object making it another list separate from the original one.

Thus when you make a change to the deep copy of a list, the old list doesn’t get affected. But the same does get changed during the shallow copying.

List Copy Mechanism

When we call the copy method, it takes the old list and creates a new object and stores in it all the references to the old one.

The following flowchart attempts to simplify it for you:

Python List Copy Flowchart

Examples

1. Creating a copy of List containing elements

Natural_Numbers = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9]

New_Copy = Natural_Numbers.copy()

print (New_Copy)

#1 Output:

[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]

2. Creating a copy of List containing strings

Strings = ["Linux", "Windows", "MacOS", "Chrome OS"]

New_Strings = Strings.copy()

print (New_Strings)

#2 Output:

['Linux', 'Windows', 'MacOS', 'Chrome OS']

3. Creating a copy of an empty list

List = []

New_List = List.copy()

print (New_List)

#3 Output:

[]

4. Creating a copy of a non-existent List

New_List = List.copy()

#4 Output:

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "C:\Python\Python35\listcopy.py", line 1, in <module>
New_List = List.copy()
NameError: name 'List' is not defined

Best,

TechBeamers