Let’s start to learn how can we install and use Firebug and FirePath, the two most used Firefox browser plugins for test automation developers.
In our last blog post, we’d explained various types of Selenium locators with useful examples. If you are just a beginner in test automation, then you must read this post.
The next step for you is to learn about the tools that can help you in finding the locators.
Secondly, we’ll give away some unique tricks to help you find locators on the web pages.
Here is the table of content which you can use to navigate throughout the post.
- What do you understand of XPath expression?
- What is FireBug Add-on and why is it used?
- What is FirePath Add-on and what are its usage?
- How to install FireBug and FirePath?
- How does the FireBug differ from the FirePath?
How to use FireBug and FirePath to find locators?
XPath is a technique for uniquely identifying an element on a web page. It behaves like an address to an HTML element such as check boxes, text, images, links, and divs, etc. In Selenium, we treat XPath as one of the most trusted element locators. XPath is much more than an address as it not only points to the end point, it also contains the whole map to lead to a destination.
Why is the FireBug useful in Selenium automation?
Usually, there are four types of operations that you do with the FireBug add-on.
2- Highlight changes – It allows to detect and highlight (in Yellow) any HTML changes as they appear on the web page. This feature would fetch your attention instantly to make sure nothing gets missed.
3- On the fly Inspection – FireBug has its “Inspect” option for quickly viewing the prospective locators as you exercise it on a web element.
4- Copy HTML – You can easily copy the HTML code of the page or part of a web page using the “innerHTML” property or the XPath expression for the element.
FireBug is an add-on which you can easily download from the FireFox plugin store.
1- Follow the menu option as Tools >> Web Developer >> Get More Tools.
2- The above action will lead you to a web page as shown in the below image. There you will find an option to download/install the FireBug add-on. You should click the “Add to Firefox” button to begin the plugin installation.
3- Upon clicking the add link, you will see the below popup. Now, click the “Install” button to complete the installation.
4- After finishing the FireBug installation, you can use “F12” shortcut key to launch the Firebug add-on. Check out the below screenshot.
It is easy to use FireBug, just follow the below steps.
1- Right click on any web object and press the “Inspect Element with Firebug” option. It’ll open up an HTML code window as shown in the below image.
2- From the code window, again right click and select the “Copy XPath” option to retrieve the element’s XPath locator or you can try other ones as well.
This plugin extends the capability of the FireBug add-on. It brings the options to modify, inspect and produce XPath and the CSS Selector locators.
Why is the FirePath useful in Selenium automation?
1- You can supply custom XPath values and test their correctness by spotlighting the effects directly on the Webpage.
2- It returns the XPath of the element you’ve selected Like the Firebug add-on does.
We’ve told above that FirePath only extends the FireBug capabilities. So you should install it after adding the FireBug add-on.
1- It is the same process as we did for the FireBug add-on. Just go to Tools >> Web Developer >> Get More Tools.
2- Search for the FirePath plugin and click on the “Add to Firefox” button.
3- After clicking the add option, the FirePath installation dialog will open as shown below. You’ll have to press the “Install” button to finish the process.
4- Now, you can give the “F12” command and check the “FirePath” option got added in the Firebug’s toolbar.
It is, even more, easier to use FirePath than FireBug. Check out the below steps for help.
1- Open FireBug and click on the “FirePath” tab. There you can find an XPath edit field which would point to the XPath of any selected web element. Here you can write a custom XPath and use the “Highlight” button to verify it.
2- The FirePath plugin makes the presentation of the XPath pretty straight. You can easily copy the XPath of the selected web element. And later use the saved XPath value in the test automation project.
Now, it’s time to summarize what you’ve learned from this post. We’ve brought you the animated GIF, which contains the step-by-step process of the plugin installation and the usage flow as explained in the above sections.
The fundamental difference between the two is that FireBug returns the Absolute XPath whereas the FirePath returns the relative path. Check out the below examples for more clarity on the difference between the FireBug and FirePath. Though you can also tune the FirePath setting to produce the absolute XPath as well.
# Follow the below example of an absolute XPath using the FireBug Add-on.
# Follow the below relative XPath expression generated by the FirePath Add-on.